Chapter 9-A: MUNICIPAL PUBLIC EMPLOYEES LABOR RELATIONS LAW
§968. Maine Labor Relations Board; powers and duties
1.Maine Labor Relations Board.
The Maine Labor Relations Board, established by Title 5, section 12004-B, subsection
2, consists of 3 members and 6 alternates appointed by the Governor, subject to review
by the joint standing committee of the Legislature having jurisdiction over labor
matters and to confirmation by the Legislature. The Governor, in making appointments,
shall name one member and 2 alternates to represent employees, one member and 2 alternates
to represent employers and one member and 2 alternates to represent the public. The
member representing the public serves as the board's chair and the alternate representing
the public serves as an alternate chair. Members of the board are entitled to compensation
according to the provisions of Title 5, chapter 379. The alternates are entitled to
compensation at the same per diem rate as the member that the alternate replaces.
The term of each member and each alternate is 4 years, except that of the members
and alternates first appointed, one member and 2 alternates are appointed for a term
of 4 years, one member and 2 alternates are appointed for a term of 3 years and one
member and 2 alternates are appointed for a term of 2 years. The members of the board,
its alternates and its employees are entitled to receive necessary expenses. Per diem
and necessary expenses for members and alternates of the board, as well as state cost
allocation program charges, must be shared equally by the parties to any proceeding
at which the board presides and must be paid into a special fund administered by the
board from which all costs must be paid. The executive director may estimate costs
upon receipt of a request for services and collect those costs prior to providing
the services. The executive director shall bill or reimburse the parties, as appropriate,
for any difference between the estimated costs that were collected and the actual
costs of providing the services. Once one party has paid its share of the estimated
cost of providing the service, the matter is scheduled for hearing. A party who has
not paid an invoice for the estimated or actual cost of providing services within
60 days of the date the invoice was issued is, in the absence of good cause shown,
liable for the amount of the invoice together with a penalty in the amount of 25%
of the amount of the invoice. Any penalty amount collected pursuant to this provision
remains in the special fund administered by the Maine Labor Relations Board and that
fund does not lapse. The executive director is authorized to collect any sums due
and payable pursuant to this provision through civil action. In such an action, the
court shall allow litigation costs, including court costs and reasonable attorney's
fees, to be deposited in the General Fund if the executive director is the prevailing
party in the action. At its discretion, the board may allocate all costs to a party
that presents a frivolous complaint or defense or that commits a blatant violation
of the applicable collective bargaining law. When the board meets on administrative
or other matters that do not concern the interests of particular parties or when any
board member presides at a prehearing conference, the members' per diem and necessary
expenses must be paid from the board's regular appropriation for these purposes.
The executive director and legal or professional personnel employed by the board are
members of the unclassified service.
1991, c. 798, §6 (AMD)
An Executive Director of the Maine Labor Relations Board shall be appointed by the
board to serve at their will and pleasure. The person so appointed shall be experienced
in the field of labor relations. He shall perform the duties designated by statute
and such other duties as shall from time to time be assigned to him by the board.
He shall serve as secretary of the board and shall maintain a record of all proceedings
before the board. No board member shall serve as executive director.
The salary of the executive director shall be established by the board within salary
range 86 and may be adjusted periodically by the board within the limits for salary
review procedures established in Title 2, section 6, subsection 5.
1979, c. 663, §160 (AMD)
The board may, after a public hearing, from time to time, adopt such rules of procedure
as it deems necessary for the orderly conduct of its business and for carrying out
the purposes of this chapter. Such rules shall be published and made available to
all interested parties. The board shall also, upon its own initiative or upon request,
issue interpretative rules interpreting the provisions of this chapter. Such interpretative
rules shall be advisory only and shall not be binding upon any court. Such interpretative
rules must be in writing and available to any person interested therein.
1975, c. 564, §24 (AMD)
4.Review of representative proceedings.
Any party aggrieved by any ruling or determination of the executive director, or
the executive director's designee, under sections 966 and 967 may appeal, within 15
days of the announcement of the ruling or determination, except that in the instance
of objections to the conduct of an election or challenged ballots the time period
is 5 working days, to the Maine Labor Relations Board.
Upon receipt of such an appeal, the board shall within a reasonable time hold a hearing
having first caused 7 days notice in writing of the time and place of the hearing
to be given to the aggrieved party, the labor organizations or bargaining agent and
the public employer. These hearings must be conducted in the manner provided in subsection
5, paragraph B. Within a reasonable time after the conclusion of any hearing the board
shall make a written decision that must include findings of fact and either affirm
or modify the ruling or determination of the executive director and specify the reasons
for that action. A copy of that decision must be mailed to the labor organization
or bargaining agent or its attorney or other designated representative and the public
employer. Decisions of the board made pursuant to this subsection are subject to
review by the Superior Court under the Maine Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 80C, in
accordance with the standards specified in section 972, provided the complaint is
filed within 15 days of the date of issuance of the decision. The complaint must
be served upon the board and all parties to the board proceeding by certified mail,
return receipt requested.
1993, c. 90, §1 (AMD)
5.Prevention of prohibited acts.
A. The board is empowered, as provided, to prevent any person, any public employer,
any public employee, any public employee organization or any bargaining agent from
engaging in any of the prohibited acts enumerated in section 964. This power shall
not be affected by any other means of adjustment or prevention that has been or may
be established by agreement, law or otherwise. [1971, c. 609, §9 (NEW).]
B. Any public employer, any public employee, any public employee organization or any
bargaining agent which believes that any person, any public employer, any public employee,
any public employee organization or any bargaining agent has engaged in or is engaging
in any such prohibited practice may file a complaint with the executive director of
the board stating the charges in that regard. No such complaint shall be filed with
the executive director until the complaining party shall have served a copy thereof
upon the party complained of. Upon receipt of such complaint, the executive director
or his designee shall review the charge to determine whether the facts as alleged
may constitute a prohibited act. If it is determined that the facts do not, as a matter
of law, constitute a violation, the charge shall be dismissed by the executive director,
subject to review by the board. If a formal hearing is deemed necessary by the executive
director or by the board, the executive director shall serve upon the parties to the
complaint a notice of the prehearing conference and of the hearing before the board,
that notice to designate the time and place of hearing for the prehearing conference
or the hearing, as appropriate, provided that no hearing shall be held based upon
any alleged prohibited practice occurring more than 6 months prior to the filing of
the complaint with the executive director. The party complained of shall have the
right to file a written answer to the complaint and to appear in person or otherwise
and give testimony at the place and time fixed for the hearing. In the discretion
of the board, any other person or organization may be allowed to intervene in the
proceeding and to present testimony. Nothing in this paragraph shall restrict the
right of the board to require the executive director or his designee to hold a prehearing
conference on any prohibited practice complaint prior to the hearing before the board
and taking whatever action, including dismissal, attempting to resolve disagreements
between the parties or recommending an order to the board, as he may deem appropriate,
subject to review by the board. [1975, c. 697, §4 (RPR).]
C. After hearing and argument if, upon a preponderance of the evidence received, the
board shall be of the opinion that any party named in the complaint has engaged in
or is engaging in any such prohibited practice, then the board shall in writing state
its findings of fact and the reasons for its conclusions and shall issue and cause
to be served upon such party an order requiring such party to cease and desist from
such prohibited practice and to take such affirmative action, including reinstatement
of employees with or without back pay, as will effectuate the policies of this chapter.
No order of the board shall require the reinstatement of any individual as an employee
who has been suspended or discharged, or the payment to him of any back pay, if such
individual was suspended or discharged for cause.
After hearing and argument if, upon a preponderance of the evidence received, the
board shall not be of the opinion that the party named in the complaint has engaged
in or is engaging in any such prohibited practice, then the board shall in writing
state its findings of fact and the reasons for its conclusions and shall issue an
order dismissing said complaint. [1971, c. 609, §9 (NEW).]
D. If after the issuance of an order by the board requiring any party to cease and
desist or to take any other affirmative action, said party fails to comply with the
order of the board then the party in whose favor the order operates or the board may
file a civil action in the Superior Court of Kennebec County, or the county in which
the prohibited practice has occurred, to compel compliance with the order of the board.
Upon application of any party in interest or the board, the court may grant such temporary
relief or restraining order and may impose such terms and conditions as it deems just
and proper; provided that the board's decision shall not be stayed except where it
is clearly shown to the satisfaction of the court that substantial and irreparable
injury shall be sustained or that there is a substantial risk of danger to the public
health or safety. In such action to compel compliance the Superior Court shall not
review the action of the board other than to determine whether the board has acted
in excess of its jurisdiction. If an action to review the decision of the board is
pending at the time of the commencement of an action for enforcement pursuant to this
subsection or is thereafter filed, the 2 actions shall be consolidated. [1977, c. 479, §6 (AMD).]
E. Whenever a complaint is filed with the executive director of the board, alleging
that a public employer has violated section 964, subsection 1, paragraph F or alleging
that a public employee or public employee organization or bargaining agent has violated
section 964, subsection 2, paragraph C the party making the complaint may simultaneously
seek injunctive relief from the Superior Court in the county in which the prohibited
practice is alleged to have occurred pending the final adjudication of the board with
respect to such matter. [1971, c. 609, §9 (NEW).]
F. Either party may seek a review by the Superior Court of Kennebec County or of the
county in which the prohibited practice is alleged to have occurred of a decision
or order of the Maine Labor Relations Board by filing a complaint in accordance with
the Maine Rules of Civil Procedure, Rule 80C, if the complaint is filed within 15
days of the date of issuance of the decision. The complaint must be served upon the
board and all parties to the board proceeding by certified mail, return receipt requested.
Upon the filing of the complaint, the court shall set the complaint down for hearing and shall cause all interested parties and the board to be notified. The hearing may be advanced on the docket and receive priority over other cases when
the court determines that the interests of justice so require. Pending review and upon application of any party in interest, the court may grant
such temporary relief or restraining order and may impose such terms and conditions
as it determines just and proper; except that the board's decision is not stayed except
when it is clearly shown to the satisfaction of the court that substantial and irreparable
injury will be sustained or that there is a substantial risk of danger to the public
health or safety. The executive director shall forthwith file in the court the record
in the proceeding certified by the executive director or a member of the board. The
record must include all documents filed in the proceeding and the transcript, if any.
After hearing, the court may enforce, modify, enforce as so modified or set aside in whole or in
part the decision of the board, except that the findings of the board on questions
of fact are final unless shown to be clearly erroneous. Any appeal to the Law Court
must be the same as an appeal from an interlocutory order under section 6. [2011, c. 559, Pt. A, §26 (AMD).]
G. In any judicial proceeding authorized by this subsection in which injunctive relief
is sought, sections 5 and 6 shall apply, except that neither an allegation nor proof
of unavoidable substantial and irreparable injury to the complainant's property shall
be required to obtain a temporary restraining order or injunction. [1973, c. 788, §120-A (AMD).]
2011, c. 559, Pt. A, §26 (AMD)
The hearings conducted by the board pursuant to this section shall be informal and
the rules of evidence prevailing in judicial proceedings shall not be binding. Any
and all documentary evidence and other evidence deemed relevant by the board may be
The chairman shall have the power to administer oaths and to require by subpoena the
attendance and testimony of witnesses, the presentation of books, records and other
evidence relative or pertinent to the issues presented to the board for determination.
Witnesses subpoenaed by the board shall be allowed the same fees as are paid to witnesses
in the Superior Court. These fees, together with all necessary expenses of the board,
shall be paid by the Treasurer of State on warrants drawn by the State Controller.
1971, c. 609, §9 (NEW)
The board shall annually, on or before the first day of July, make a report to the
Governor. The appropriation for the board and the executive director shall be included
in the bureau's budget and authorization for expenditures shall be the responsibility
of the director.
The board shall have the authority to recommend to the Legislature changes or additions
to this chapter or to related enactments of law.
1977, c. 78, §164 (AMD)
1969, c. 424, §1 (NEW).
1969, c. 578, §§5-A,6,6-A (AMD).
1971, c. 609, §9 (RPR).
1971, c. 620, §13 (AMD).
1973, c. 458, §10 (AMD).
1973, c. 533, §§1,2 (AMD).
1973, c. 610, §1 (AMD).
1973, c. 788, §§120,120-A (AMD).
1975, c. 564, §§22-28 (AMD).
1975, c. 697, §§3-7 (AMD).
1975, c. 771, §§281-283 (AMD).
1975, c. 776, §2 (AMD).
1977, c. 78, §164 (AMD).
1977, c. 479, §§6,7 (AMD).
1977, c. 553, §§2,3 (AMD).
1977, c. 674, §24 (AMD).
1979, c. 501, §2 (AMD).
1979, c. 663, §160 (AMD).
1983, c. 812, §162 (AMD).
1989, c. 503, §B109 (AMD).
1991, c. 143, §§1,2 (AMD).
1991, c. 622, §O8 (AMD).
1991, c. 798, §6 (AMD).
1993, c. 90, §§1,2 (AMD).
2011, c. 559, Pt. A, §26 (AMD).
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