Title 39-A: WORKERS' COMPENSATION ENACTED BY PL 1991, C. 885, PT. A, §8
Part 1: MAINE WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT OF 1992 ENACTED BY PL 1991, C. 885, PT. A, §8
Chapter 1: GENERAL PROVISIONS ENACTED BY PL 1991, C. 885, PT. A, §8
§105-A. Construction contractors
(CONTAINS TEXT WITH VARYING EFFECTIVE DATES)
As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.
A. "Construction site" means a location where a structure that is attached or will be attached to real property is constructed,
altered or remodeled. [2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).]
B. (TEXT EFFECTIVE UNTIL 12/31/12) "Construction subcontractor" means a person who performs construction work on a construction site for a hiring agent if the
person satisfies all of the following criteria:
(1) The person possesses or has applied for a federal employer identification number or social security number or has agreed
in writing to carry out the responsibilities imposed on employers under this chapter;
(2) The person has control and discretion over the means and manner of performance of the construction work, in that the
result of the work, rather than the means or manner by which the work is performed, is the primary element bargained for by
the hiring agent;
(3) The person has control over the time when the work is performed and the time of performance is not dictated by the hiring
agent. Nothing in this paragraph prohibits the hiring agent from reaching an agreement with the person as to a completion
schedule, range of work hours and maximum number of work hours to be provided by the person;
(4) The person hires and pays the person's assistants, if any, and, to the extent such assistants are employees, supervises
the details of the assistants' work;
(5) The person purports to be in business for that person's self;
(6) The person has continuing or recurring construction business liabilities or obligations;
(7) The success or failure of the person's construction business depends on the relationship of business receipts to expenditures;
(8) The person receives compensation for construction work or services performed and remuneration is not determined unilaterally
by the hiring agent;
(9) The person is responsible in the first instance for the main expenses related to the service or construction work performed;
however, nothing in this paragraph prohibits the hiring agent from providing the supplies or materials necessary to perform
(10) The person is responsible for satisfactory completion of the work and may be held contractually responsible for failure
to complete the work;
(11) The person supplies the principal tools and instruments used in the work, except that the hiring agent may furnish tools
or instruments that are unique to the hiring agent's special requirements or are located on the hiring agent's premises; and
(12) The person is not required to work exclusively for the hiring agent. [2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).]
B. (TEXT EFFECTIVE 12/31/12) "Construction subcontractor" means an independent contractor if the construction subcontractor meets the definition of independent
contractor in section 102, subsection 13-A. [2011, c. 643, §14 (AFF); 2011, c. 643, §9 (RPR).]
C. "Construction work" means any part of the construction, alteration or remodeling of a structure, including related landscaping
and other site work performed in connection with the performance of such work, but not including surveying, engineering, examination
or inspection of a construction site or the delivery of materials to a construction site. [2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).]
D. "Hiring agent" means a person that hires or contracts with a person to perform construction work, but excludes an owner or
occupant of real property who hires a person or persons to perform construction work on that real property. [2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).]
E. "Person" means:
(1) An individual;
(2) A sole proprietor;
(3) A working member of a partnership;
(4) A working member of a limited liability company;
(5) A parent, spouse or child of a sole proprietor, partner or working member of a limited liability company under section
102, subsection 11, paragraph A;
(6) A working owner or part owner of a corporation; and
(7) A working shareholder of a professional corporation. [2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).]
2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW);
2011, c. 643, §14 (AFF);
2011, c. 643, §9 (AMD)
2.Status of persons performing construction work.
Beginning January 1, 2010, a person performing construction work on a construction site for a hiring agent is presumed to
be the employee of the hiring agent for purposes of this Act, unless:
A. The person is a construction subcontractor; or [2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).]
B. The person owns and operates an item of equipment weighing more than 7,000 pounds and is hired by the hiring agent to operate
the equipment on the construction site or to use the equipment to transport materials to or from the site. A person who leases
such an item of equipment from a person in the leasing business, other than the hiring agent or an affiliate of the hiring
agent, is regarded as the owner for the purposes of this paragraph. A truck with a gross vehicle weight rating greater than
7,000 pounds qualifies as an item of equipment under this paragraph. [2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).]
2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW)
A person who is required to but fails to secure the payment of compensation with respect to persons deemed to be that person's
employees under this section is subject to the penalties under section 324, subsection 3.
2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW)
4.Insurer referral obligation.
An insurer that believes in good faith that an insured employer withheld from it or from the State Tax Assessor records
of payments to a person deemed to be the person's employee under this section may, but is not required to, refer the insured
employer and person to the State Tax Assessor in order that the assessor may take appropriate action, and the insurer enjoys
immunity for such actions.
2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW)
In addition to any penalty imposed under section 324, subsection 3, if after a hearing the executive director determines that
a hiring agent or construction subcontractor has knowingly failed to secure the payment to that hiring agent’s or construction
subcontractor’s employees of the compensation provided for by this Act, the executive director or the executive director's
designee shall issue a stop-work order pursuant to this subsection. The issuance of a stop-work order by the executive director
or the executive director’s designee constitutes final agency action.
A. A hiring agent or construction subcontractor must receive at least 3 business days' notice of a hearing regarding a stop-work
order. The executive director or the executive director’s designee shall stay the issuance of a stop-work order if the hiring
agent or subcontractor provides evidence acceptable to the executive director or the executive director’s designee that the
hiring agent or subcontractor has provided and will continue to provide workers’ compensation coverage for the employees of
that hiring agent or subcontractor or for the individuals whose status as employees or independent contractors is in question.
Providing such coverage may not be evidence at the hearing that the hiring agent or subcontractor was required to do so under
this Act. [2009, c. 649, §1 (NEW).]
B. If the executive director or the executive director's designee finds at the hearing that the hiring agent or construction
subcontractor knowingly failed to provide a workers' compensation insurance policy, the executive director or the executive
director's designee shall issue a stop-work order effective immediately on the conclusion of the hearing to that hiring agent
or construction subcontractor at the construction site at which the executive director or executive director's designee has
determined a violation occurred, unless the hiring agent or subcontractor has provided coverage and will continue to do so
pursuant to paragraph A. [2009, c. 649, §1 (NEW).]
C. A stop-work order issued pursuant to this subsection remains in effect until the executive director or the executive director's
designee issues an order releasing the stop-work order upon finding that the hiring agent or construction subcontractor has
come into compliance with the requirements of this subsection and has paid any penalty assessed under section 324, subsection
3 or has entered into a penalty payment agreement with the board. [2009, c. 649, §1 (NEW).]
D. A stop-work order issued pursuant to this subsection against a hiring agent or construction subcontractor applies to any successor
firm, corporation or partnership of the hiring agent or construction subcontractor in the same manner as it applies to the
hiring agent or construction subcontractor. [2009, c. 649, §1 (NEW).]
E. Any payment or performance bond issued on or in relation to a construction project subject to a stop-work order may not cover
any exposure arising out of or during the shutdown of that project. [2009, c. 649, §1 (NEW).]
For purposes of this subsection, a violation is considered knowing if the hiring agent or construction subcontractor has previously
obtained workers' compensation insurance and the insurance has been cancelled or the insurance has not been continued or renewed;
has been notified in writing by the board of the need for workers' compensation insurance; or has had one or more previous
violations of the requirement to secure the payment to that hiring agent's or construction subcontractor's employees of the
compensation provided for by this Act.
2009, c. 649, §1 (NEW)
6.Insurance coverage information for public construction projects.
Insurance coverage information regarding construction subcontractors and independent contractors is controlled by this subsection.
A. At the onset of work on any construction project undertaken by the State, the University of Maine System or the Maine Community
College System, the general contractor or designated project construction manager, if any, shall provide to the board a list
of all construction subcontractors and independent contractors on the job site and a record of the entity to whom that construction
subcontractor or independent contractor is directly contracted and by whom that construction subcontractor or independent
contractor is insured for workers' compensation purposes. The list must be posted on the board's publicly accessible website
and updated as needed. [2011, c. 403, §3 (NEW).]
B. The board and the Department of Administrative and Financial Services, Bureau of General Services shall cooperate and provide
notice to each other regarding the letting of state-funded construction projects and any stop-work order, debarment or other
action as either may take or issue. [2011, c. 403, §3 (NEW).]
C. This subsection provides minimum disclosure standards regarding construction subcontractors and independent contractors and
does not preclude the contracting agency from setting more rigorous standards for construction work under its jurisdiction. [2011, c. 403, §3 (NEW).]
D. If the general contractor or designated project construction manager fails to provide the board with the information required
by paragraph A, that person is subject to a fine of not less than $250. [2011, c. 403, §3 (NEW).]
2011, c. 403, §3 (NEW)
2009, c. 452, §5 (NEW).
2009, c. 649, §1 (AMD).
2011, c. 403, §3 (AMD).
2011, c. 643, §14 (AFF).
2011, c. 643, §9 (AMD).
Data for this page extracted on 10/16/2012 08:31:23.
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