Title 35-A: PUBLIC UTILITIES HEADING: PL 1987, C. 141, PT. A, §6 (NEW)
Part 8: ENERGY EFFICIENCY HEADING: PL 2003, C. 644, §9 (NEW)
Chapter 97: EFFICIENCY MAINE TRUST ACT
§10109. Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Trust Fund
As used in this section, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings.
A. "Carbon dioxide allowance" has the same meaning as in Title 38, section 580-A, subsection 2. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
B. "Trade association aggregator" means an entity that gathers individual members of a trade association together for the purpose
of receiving electrical efficiency services or bidding on electrical efficiency contracts. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
C. "Trust fund" means the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Trust Fund established in subsection 2. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW)
2.Establishment of Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Trust Fund.
The Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative Trust Fund is established and is the successor to the fund that was established under
former section 10008. The trust fund is established to support the goals and implementation of the carbon dioxide cap-and-trade
program established under Title 38, section 580-B. The trust fund is established as a nonlapsing fund administered by the
trust for the purposes established in this section. The trust is authorized to receive, and shall deposit in the trust fund
and expend in accordance with this section, revenue resulting from the sale of carbon dioxide allowances, pursuant to Title
38, section 580-B, and any forward capacity market or other capacity payments from the regional transmission organization
that may be attributable to projects funded by the trust under this section. The trust fund may not be used for any other
purpose and money in the trust fund is considered to be held in trust for the purposes of benefiting consumers.
A. The trustees have a fiduciary duty to the customers of the State's transmission and distribution utilities in the administration
of the trust fund. Upon accepting appointment as a trustee, each trustee must acknowledge the fiduciary duty to use the trust
fund only for the purposes set forth in this section. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
B. The trustees shall ensure that the goals and objectives of the trust fund, as established in this section and in rules adopted
by the trust, are carried out. The trustees shall represent the interests of the trust fund in the development of the triennial
plan. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW)
3.Ceiling on energy efficiency spending.
There is established a ceiling on energy efficiency spending from the trust fund equal to $5 per carbon dioxide allowance.
Until that price ceiling is adjusted or removed, only the first $5 of each carbon dioxide allowance sold and deposited in
the trust fund may be awarded to or directed to qualified projects for purposes of energy efficiency improvements. While the
ceiling is in place, revenue received by the trust from an allowance valued above $5 must be transferred to the commission
for use by the commission pursuant to sections 301 and 1322 for rebates to electric ratepayers calculated on a per-kilowatt-hour
basis. The commission shall adopt rules to implement this subsection. The rules must establish a system under which proceeds
from the sale of carbon dioxide allowances may be returned to electric ratepayers as direct credits on their bills at times
of heightened price pressure in regional carbon dioxide allowance markets due to an extraordinary circumstance. Rules adopted
under this subsection are routine technical rules as defined in Title 5, chapter 375, subchapter 2-A.
2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW)
The trust fund must be expended in accordance with this subsection.
A. During the years 2009, 2010 and 2011, not less than 85% of the trust fund must be allocated for measures, investments and
arrangements that reduce electricity consumption, and not more than 15% must be allocated for fossil fuel conservation measures,
investments and arrangements. Subject to the apportionment between fossil fuel and electricity conservation pursuant to this
subsection, the trust shall fund conservation programs that give priority to measures with the highest benefit-to-cost ratio,
as long as cost-effective collateral efficiency opportunities are not lost, and that:
(1) Reliably reduce greenhouse gas production by fossil fuel combustion in the State at the lowest cost in funds from the
trust fund per unit of emissions; or
(2) Reliably reduce the consumption of electricity in the State at the lowest cost in funds from the trust fund per kilowatt-hour
saved. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
B. Expenditures from the trust fund relating to conservation of electricity and mitigation or reduction of greenhouse gases must
be made predominantly on the basis of a competitive bid process for long-term contracts, subject to rules adopted by the board
under section 10105. Rules adopted by the board to implement the competitive bid process under this paragraph may not include
an avoided cost methodology for compensating successful bidders. Bidders may propose contracts designed to produce greenhouse
gas savings or electricity conservation savings, or both, on a unit cost basis. Contracts must be commercially reasonable
and may require liquidated damages to ensure performance. Contracts must provide sufficient certainty of payment to enable
commercial financing of the conservation measure purchased and its installation. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
C. The board may target bid competitions in areas or to participants as they consider necessary, as long as the requirements
of paragraph A are satisfied. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
D. Nonelectric savings programs must be used to maximize fossil fuel energy efficiency and conservation and associated greenhouse
gas reductions, subject to the apportionment between fossil fuel and electricity conservation set forth in paragraph A. Community-based renewable energy projects, as defined in section 3602, subsection 1, may apply for funding from the trust
as nonelectric savings programs. [2009, c. 565, §6 (AMD); 2009, c. 565, §9 (AFF).]
E. The size of a project funded by the trust fund is not limited as long as funds are awarded to maximize energy efficiency and
support greenhouse gas reductions and to fully implement the triennial plan. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
F. No more than $800,000 of trust fund receipts in any one year may be used for the costs of administering the trust fund pursuant
to this section. The limit on administrative costs established in this paragraph does not apply to the following costs that
may be funded by the trust fund:
(1) Costs of the Department of Environmental Protection for participating in the regional organization as defined in Title
38, section 580-A, subsection 20 and for administering the allowance auction under Title 38, chapter 3-B; and
(2) Costs of the Attorney General for activities pertaining to the tracking and monitoring of allowance trading activity and
managing and evaluating the trust's funding of conservation programs. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
G. In order to minimize administrative costs and maximize program participation and effectiveness, the trustees shall, to the
greatest extent feasible, coordinate the delivery of and make complementary the energy efficiency programs under this section
and other programs under this chapter. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
H. The trust shall consider delivery of efficiency programs by means of contracts with service providers that participate in
competitive bid processes for reducing energy consumption within individual market segments or for particular end uses. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
I. A trade association aggregator is eligible to participate in competitive bid processes under this subsection. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
J. Trust fund receipts may fund research approved by the Department of Environmental Protection in an amount of up to $100,000
per year to develop new categories for carbon dioxide emissions offset projects, as defined in Title 38, section 580-A, subsection
6, that are located in the State. Expenditures on research pursuant to this paragraph are not considered administrative costs
under paragraph F. [2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).]
2009, c. 565, §6 (AMD);
2009, c. 565, §9 (AFF)
This section takes effect July 1, 2010.
2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW)
2009, c. 372, Pt. B, §3 (NEW).
2009, c. 565, §6 (AMD).
2009, c. 565, §9 (AFF).
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