Maine Revised Statutes

§1702. No punishment until conviction; costs

1. No punishment before conviction.  A person may not be punished for an offense until convicted of that offense in a court having jurisdiction over the person and case.
[ 2003, c. 182, §1 (NEW) .]
2. Costs included in sentence.  If a person is convicted and the court imposes a fine, the court:
A. May sentence the defendant to pay the costs of prosecution; [2003, c. 182, §1 (NEW).]
B. May sentence the defendant to pay, as restitution, the costs of drug tests, other than tests under Title 29-A, administered to the defendant by a law enforcement officer or medical personnel at the request of a law enforcement officer. The court shall transfer all amounts paid by a defendant under this paragraph to the municipal, county or state agency that incurred the costs; and [2003, c. 182, §1 (NEW).]
C. Shall, if the case is prosecuted in District Court, sentence the defendant to pay a fine sufficient to cover the costs as provided in Title 4, section 173. This paragraph does not apply to defendants prosecuted for violations of Title 26, chapter 7, subchapter 1-B or for violations of Title 28-A, sections 2078 and 2223. [2003, c. 182, §1 (NEW).]
[ 2003, c. 182, §1 (NEW) .]
1965, c. 356, §55 (AMD). 1975, c. 499, §3 (AMD). 1987, c. 45, §B2 (AMD). 1987, c. 737, §§C29,C106 (AMD). 1989, c. 6, (AMD). 1989, c. 9, §2 (AMD). 1989, c. 104, §§C8,C10 (AMD). 2003, c. 182, §1 (RPR).