An Act To Prohibit the Practice of Female Genital Mutilation of a Minor
Sec. 1. 17-A MRSA §214 is enacted to read:
§ 214. Female genital mutilation of a minor; transportation; consent
"Female genital mutilation" does not include a medical procedure that is performed by a person licensed pursuant to Title 32, chapter 36 or 48, a midwife licensed pursuant to Title 32, chapter 31 or 113-B, subchapter 4 or a person in an approved training program under the supervision of a person licensed pursuant to Title 32, chapter 36 or 48 or a midwife licensed pursuant to Title 32, chapter 31 or chapter 113-B, subchapter 4, if the medical procedure is:
This bill is reported out by a majority of the Joint Standing Committee on Criminal Justice and Public Safety pursuant to Joint Order 2017, S.P. 709.
This bill defines "female genital mutilation" as the circumcision, excision, mutilation or infibulation, in whole or in part, of the labia majora, labia minora or clitoris of a female individual but excludes from the definition medical procedures that are necessary to the health of the female individual or performed for medical purposes on a female individual in labor or who has just given birth, as long as the medical procedure was performed by a person licensed in the State by the Board of Licensure in Medicine or the Board of Osteopathic Licensure or by a licensed midwife or a person in an approved training program under the supervision of a physician or midwife licensed in this State.
The bill makes it a Class A crime to perform female genital mutilation on a female individual under 18 years of age, to knowingly transport a female individual under 18 years of age outside of this State for purposes of female genital mutilation or to knowingly consent to female genital mutilation of a female individual under 18 years of age. Under the provisions of the bill, it is not a defense that the victim or the parent, guardian or person who has immediate custody of the victim consented to the procedure or believed that it was desired as part of a social norm or was necessary for custom, religion or ritual.
The bill extends the statute of limitations for female genital mutilation offenses to the 25th birthday of a victim of female genital mutilation. Commission of a female genital mutilation offense by a person licensed by the Board of Licensure in Medicine or the Board of Osteopathic Licensure or a midwife licensed in Maine is grounds for permanent revocation of the license of that person.
This bill also requires the Department of Health and Human Services, to the extent existing resources are available, to develop and institute a community outreach program regarding female genital mutilation that provides support services, training and educational materials.