Public Laws

124th Legislature

First Regular Session


Parts: A B

Chapter 365

S.P. 429 - L.D. 1157

PART B

Sec. B-1. 34-A MRSA 11201, as amended by PL 2003, c. 711, Pt. C, 4 and affected by Pt. D, 2, is further amended to read:

11201. Short title

This chapter may be known and cited as the "Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act of 1999." The purpose of this chapter is to protect the public from potentially dangerous registrants and offenders by enhancing access to information concerning those registrants and offenders.

Sec. B-2. 34-A MRSA 11202, as repealed and replaced by PL 2005, c. 423, 1, is further amended to read:

11202. Application

This Unless excepted under section 11202-A, this chapter applies to:

1.Maine. A person sentenced in this State on or after January 1, 1982 for a sex offense or a sexually violent offense as an adult or as a juvenile sentenced as an adult; and
2.Other jurisdictions. A person sentenced in another jurisdiction as an adult or as a juvenile sentenced as an adult:
A.At any time of an offense that requires registration in the jurisdiction of conviction pursuant to that jurisdiction's sex offender registration laws or that would have required registration had the person remained there; or
B.On or after January 1, 1982, of an offense that contains the essential elements of a sex offense or sexually violent offense . ; or
C. At any time for a military, tribal or federal offense requiring registration pursuant to:

(1) The Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, also known as the Jacob Wetterling Act, Section 170101 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322, as amended; or

(2) The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, Public Law 109-248.

Sec. B-3. 34-A MRSA 11202-A is enacted to read:

11202-A. Exception

1. Exception. Notwithstanding section 11202, a person sentenced on or after January 1, 1982 and prior to June 30, 1992 is not required to register under this chapter if that person submits to the bureau, in a form to be determined by the bureau, documentation to establish the following:
A. The person was finally discharged from the correctional system prior to September 1, 1998;
B. The person's convictions do not include more than one Class A sex offense or sexually violent offense or more than one conviction in another jurisdiction for an offense that contains the essential elements of a Class A sex offense or sexually violent offense, whether or not the convictions occurred on the same date;
C. At the time of the offense, the person had not been previously sentenced in this State as an adult or as a juvenile sentenced as an adult for a sex offense or a sexually violent offense;
D. At the time of the offense, the person had not been previously sentenced in another jurisdiction as an adult or as a juvenile sentenced as an adult for an offense that contains the essential elements of a sex offense or a sexually violent offense;
E. Subsequent to the commission of the offense, the person has not been convicted of a crime under Title 17 or Title 17-A in this State that is punishable by imprisonment for a term of one year or more; and
F. Subsequent to the commission of the offense, the person has not been convicted under the laws of any other jurisdiction of a crime that is punishable by a term of imprisonment exceeding one year. This paragraph does not include a crime under the laws of another jurisdiction that is classified by the laws of that jurisdiction as a misdemeanor and is punishable by a term of imprisonment of 2 years or less.
2. Duty continues. A person's duty to register continues until the bureau determines that the documentation meets the requirements of this section and any rules adopted by the bureau.
3. Costs. A person who submits documentation under this section is responsible for the costs of any criminal history record checks required.
4. Restoration of registration status. The registration obligation of a person sentenced on or after January 1, 1982 and prior to June 30, 1992 that is discharged pursuant to this section is restored by any subsequent conviction for a crime described in subsection 1, paragraph E or F.

Sec. B-4. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-1-A, as amended by PL 2005, c. 423, 2, is further amended to read:

1-A.Conditional release. "Conditional release" means supervised release of a registrant or an offender from institutional confinement for placement on probation, parole, intensive supervision, supervised release for sex offenders, supervised community confinement, home release monitoring or release under Title 15, section 104-A or Title 17-A, chapter 54-G.

Sec. B-5. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-4, as amended by PL 2003, c. 711, Pt. C, 9 and affected by Pt. D, 2, is further amended to read:

4.Law enforcement agency having jurisdiction. "Law enforcement agency having jurisdiction" means the chief of police in the municipality where a registrant or an offender expects to be or is domiciled. If the municipality does not have a chief of police, "law enforcement agency having jurisdiction" means the sheriff of the county where the municipality is located. "Law enforcement agency having jurisdiction" also means the sheriff of the county in an unorganized territory.

Sec. B-6. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-4-A, as amended by PL 2005, c. 423, 3, is further amended to read:

4-A.Risk assessment instrument. "Risk assessment instrument" means an instrument created and modified as necessary by reviewing and analyzing precursors to a sex offense, victim populations of a registrant or an offender, living conditions and environment of a registrant or an offender and other factors predisposing a person to become a registrant or an offender, for the ongoing purpose of identifying risk factors.

Sec. B-7. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-4-D, as enacted by PL 2003, c. 711, Pt. C, 11 and affected by Pt. D, 2, is amended to read:

4-D.Residence. "Residence" means that place or those places, other than a domicile, in which a person may spend time living, residing or dwelling. Proof that an offender has lived in the State for 14 days continuously or an aggregate of 30 days within a period of one year gives rise to a permissible inference under the Maine Rules of Evidence, Rule 303 that the person has established a residence for the purposes of registration requirements imposed by this chapter.

Sec. B-8. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-4-E is enacted to read:

4-E. Offender. "Offender" means a person to whom this chapter applies pursuant to section 11202.

Sec. B-9. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-5, as amended by PL 2003, c. 711, Pt. C, 12 and affected by Pt. D, 2, is further amended to read:

5.Ten-year registrant. "Ten-year registrant" means a person who is has complied with the initial duty to register under this chapter as an adult convicted and sentenced or a juvenile convicted and sentenced as an adult of a sex offense.

Sec. B-10. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-6, B, as repealed and replaced by PL 2003, c. 711, Pt. C, 13 and affected by Pt. D, 2, is amended to read:

B.A violation under former Title 17, section 2922; former Title 17, section 2923; former Title 17, section 2924; Title 17-A, section 253, subsection 2, paragraph E, F, G, H, I or J; Title 17-A, section 254; former Title 17-A, section 255, subsection 1, paragraph A, E, F, G, I or J; former Title 17-A, section 255, subsection 1, paragraph B or D if the crime was not elevated a class under former Title 17-A, section 255, subsection 3; Title 17-A, section 255-A, subsection 1, paragraph A, B, C, G, I, J, K, L, M, N, Q, R, S or T; Title 17-A, section 256; Title 17-A, section 258; Title 17-A, section 259; Title 17-A, section 282; Title 17-A, section 283; Title 17-A, section 284; Title 17-A, section 301 , subsection 1, paragraph A, subparagraph (3), unless the actor is a parent of the victim; Title 17-A, section 302, unless the actor is a parent of the victim; Title 17-A, section 511, subsection 1, paragraph D; Title 17-A, section 556; Title 17-A, section 852, subsection 1, paragraph B; or Title 17-A, section 855; or

Sec. B-11. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-6, C, as amended by PL 2005, c. 423, 5, is further amended to read:

C.A violation in another jurisdiction that includes the essential elements of an offense listed in paragraph B . ; or

Sec. B-12. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-6, D is enacted to read:

D. A conviction for a military, tribal or federal offense requiring registration pursuant to:

(1) The Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, also known as the Jacob Wetterling Act, Section 170101 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322, as amended; or

(2) The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, Public Law 109-248.

Sec. B-13. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-7, as amended by PL 2005, c. 423, 6, is further amended to read:

7.Sexually violent offense. "Sexually violent offense" means:
A.A conviction for one of the offenses or for an attempt to commit one of the offenses under former Title 17-A, section 252; under Title 17-A, section 253, subsection 1; Title 17-A, section 253, subsection 2, paragraph A, B, C or D; former Title 17-A, section 255, subsection 1, paragraph C or H; former Title 17-A, section 255, subsection 1, paragraph B or D, if the crime was elevated a class under former Title 17-A, section 255, subsection 3; Title 17-A, section 255-A, subsection 1, paragraph D, E, E-1, F, F-1, H, O or P; or
B.A conviction for an offense or for an attempt to commit an offense of the law in another jurisdiction that includes the essential elements of an offense listed in paragraph A . ; or
C. A conviction for a military, tribal or federal offense requiring registration pursuant to:

(1) The Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, also known as the Jacob Wetterling Act, Section 170101 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322, as amended; or

(2) The Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, Public Law 109-248.

Sec. B-14. 34-A MRSA 11203, sub-8, as amended by PL 2005, c. 423, 7, is further amended to read:

8.Lifetime registrant. "Lifetime registrant" means a person who is has complied with the initial duty to register under this chapter as an adult convicted and sentenced or a juvenile convicted and sentenced as an adult of a:
A.Sexually violent offense; or
B.Sex offense when the person has a prior another conviction for or an attempt to commit an offense that includes the essential elements of a sex offense or sexually violent offense. For purposes of this paragraph, prior conviction means a conviction that occurred at any time. More than one conviction may occur on the same day. Multiple convictions that result from or are connected with the same act or that result from offenses committed at the same time are considered one conviction unless the offenses were committed against more than one victim. "another conviction" means:

(1) For persons convicted and sentenced before September 17, 2005, a conviction for an offense for which sentence was imposed prior to the occurrence of the new offense; and

(2) For persons convicted and sentenced on or after September 17, 2005, a conviction that occurred at any time. Convictions that occur on the same day may be counted as other offenses for the purposes of classifying a person as a lifetime registrant if:

(a) There is more than one victim; or

(b) The convictions are for offenses based on different conduct or arising from different criminal episodes.

Sec. B-15. 34-A MRSA 11222, as amended by PL 2005, c. 683, Pt. B, 28, is further amended to read:

11222. Duty of offender to register

1.Notification by court, the department, the bureau or a law enforcement agency. The court shall determine at the time of sentencing if a defendant is a 10-year registrant or lifetime registrant. A person who the court determines is a 10-year registrant or lifetime registrant shall register according to this subchapter. An offender has a duty to register under this chapter after notification has been given to the offender by a court of jurisdiction, the department, the bureau or a law enforcement agency. A court shall notify the offender at the time of sentence of the duty to register pursuant to this chapter. Notification of the duty to register under this chapter also may be given to the offender at any time after the imposition of sentence.

At any time, the bureau may correct the term of a registration erroneously assigned to an offender or registrant. In such instances, the bureau shall notify the offender or registrant, the district attorney and court in the jurisdiction where the conviction occurred and the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where the offender or registrant is domiciled, resides, is employed or attends college or school, if applicable.

1-A.When duty to register must be exercised. Following determination by the notification by a court , the department, the bureau or a law enforcement agency under subsection 1, a registrant an offender shall register as follows.
A.If the registrant offender is sentenced to a wholly suspended sentence with probation or administrative release, or to a punishment alternative not involving imprisonment, the duty to register is triggered at the time the person commences in actual execution of the wholly suspended sentence or at the time of sentence imposition when no punishment alternative involving imprisonment is imposed, unless the court orders a stay of execution, in which event the duty is triggered by the termination of the stay.
B.If the registrant offender is sentenced to a straight term of imprisonment or to a split sentence, the duty to register is triggered by discharge or conditional release.
C.If the registrant offender is committed under Title 15, section 103, the duty to register is triggered by discharge or conditional release under Title 15, section 104-A.
D. If the events stated in paragraphs A to C have passed, an offender must register within 5 days after having received notice of that duty from a court, the department, the bureau or a law enforcement agency.
E. Proof that the name and date of birth of the person notified of the duty to register pursuant to this chapter are the same as those of a person who has been convicted of an offense requiring registration pursuant to this chapter gives rise to a permissible inference under the Maine Rules of Evidence, Rule 303 that the person notified of the duty to register is the same person as that person convicted of the offense requiring registration.
1-B.Duty to notify law enforcement agency. A registrant who has a duty to register pursuant to this subchapter An offender shall notify the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction in those areas where the registrant offender is domiciled, resides, works or attends school within 24 hours of becoming a domiciliary or a resident or beginning work or attending school. If the location is a municipality with an organized municipal police department, the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction is the municipal police department. If the location is a school having an organized police department, the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction is the campus police department. If the location is neither a municipality nor a school with an organized police department, the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction is the sheriff's department.
2.Responsibility of ensuring initial registration. The department, the county jail or the state mental health institute that has custody of a registrant required to register under this subchapter an offender shall inform the registrant offender, prior to discharge or conditional release, of the duty to register. If a registrant an offender does not serve a period of institutional confinement, the court shall inform the registrant offender at the time of sentencing of the duty to register. The department, county jail, state mental health institute or court shall:
A.Inform the registrant offender of the duty to register and obtain the information required for the initial registration;
A-1.Inform the registrant offender of the requirement to notify the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction pursuant to subsection 1-B;
B.Inform the registrant offender that if the registrant offender changes domicile or changes residence, place of employment or college or school being attended, the registrant offender shall give the new address to the bureau in writing within 5 days and shall notify the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction within 24 hours;
C.Inform the registrant offender that if that registrant offender changes domicile to another state, the registrant offender shall register the new address with the bureau and if the new state has a registration requirement, the registrant offender shall register with a designated law enforcement agency in the new state not later than 5 days after establishing domicile in the new state;
D.Inform the registrant offender that if that registrant offender has part-time or full-time employment in another state, with or without compensation, for more than 14 consecutive days or for an aggregate period exceeding 30 days in a calendar year or if that registrant offender enrolls in any type of school in another state on a part-time or full-time basis, the registrant offender shall give the bureau the registrant's offender's place of employment or school to be attended in writing within 5 days after beginning work or attending school and if the other state has a registration requirement, shall register with the designated law enforcement agency in the other state;
E.Obtain fingerprints and a photograph of the registrant offender or the court may order the registrant offender to submit to the taking of fingerprints and a photograph at a specified law enforcement agency within 3 days if the fingerprints and photograph have not already been obtained in connection with the offense that necessitates registration; and
F.Enforce the requirement that the registrant offender read and sign a form provided by the bureau that states that the duty of the registrant offender to register under this section has been explained.
2-A.Duty of registrant sentenced from June 30, 1992 to September 17, 1999 to register. Notwithstanding subsection 1 and except as provided in subsection 2-B, a person coming within the definition of a 10-year registrant or lifetime registrant who has been sentenced on or after June 30, 1992 but before September 18, 1999 for a sex offense or a sexually violent offense shall register either as a 10-year registrant or lifetime registrant, whichever is applicable, with the bureau by September 1, 2002 if the duty to register has been triggered under subsection 1-A, paragraph A, B or C , unless sooner notified in writing of a duty to register under subsection 1-A, paragraph A, B or C by the bureau, the department or a law enforcement officer, in which case the person and the offender has been notified of the duty to register by a court of jurisdiction, the department, the bureau or a law enforcement agency. The offender shall register with the bureau within 5 days of notice.
2-B.Duty to register for new crimes. For a person otherwise subject to subsection 2-A who has been sentenced for a crime added by an amendment to the definition of sex offense or sexually violent offense in section 11203 since September 1, 2002, if the duty to register has been triggered under subsection 1-A, paragraph A, B or C , that and the offender has been notified of the duty to register by a court of jurisdiction, the department, the bureau or a law enforcement agency, that person shall register as a 10-year registrant or a lifetime registrant, whichever is applicable , with the bureau by June 1, 2005, unless sooner notified in writing of a duty to register under subsection 1-A, paragraph A, B or C by the bureau, the department or a law enforcement officer, in which case the person . The offender shall register with the bureau within 5 days of notice.
2-C.Duty of registrant sentenced from January 1, 1982 to June 29, 1992 to register. Notwithstanding subsection 1, a person who meets the definition of a 10-year registrant or a lifetime registrant who has been sentenced on or after January 1, 1982 but before June 30, 1992 for a sex offense or a sexually violent offense shall register either as a 10-year registrant or a lifetime registrant, whichever is applicable, with the bureau by October 15, 2005 if the duty to register has been triggered under subsection 1-A, paragraph A, B or C , unless sooner notified in writing of a duty to register under subsection 1-A, paragraph A, B or C by the bureau, the department or a law enforcement officer, in which case the person and the offender has been notified of the duty to register by a court of jurisdiction, the department, the bureau or a law enforcement agency. The offender shall register with the bureau within 5 days of notice.
3.Transfer of initial registration information to bureau and FBI. The department, county jail, state mental health institute or court within 3 days of receipt of the information described in subsection 2 shall forward the information to the bureau. If the court orders the registrant offender to submit to the taking of fingerprints and a photograph at a specified law enforcement agency, the law enforcement agency shall submit the fingerprints and photograph to the bureau within 3 days. The bureau shall immediately enter the information into the registration system, notify the law enforcement agencies having jurisdiction where the registrant offender expects to be domiciled and reside and transmit the information to the FBI for inclusion in the national FBI sex offender database.
4.Verification. During the period a registrant is required to register, the bureau shall require the registrant to verify registration information including domicile, residence, place of employment and college or school being attended. The bureau shall verify the registration information of a 10-year registrant on each anniversary of the 10-year registrant's initial registration date and shall verify a lifetime registrant's registration information every 90 days after that lifetime registrant's initial registration date. Verification of the registration information of a 10-year registrant or lifetime registrant occurs as set out in this subsection.
A.At least 10 days prior to the required verification date, the bureau shall mail a nonforwardable verification form to the last reported mailing address of the registrant. The verification form is deemed received 3 days after mailing unless returned by postal authorities.
C.The registrant shall take the completed verification form and a photograph of the registrant to the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction within 5 days of receipt of the form.
D.The law enforcement agency having jurisdiction shall verify the registrant's identity, have the registrant sign the verification form, take the registrant's fingerprints, complete the law enforcement portion of the verification form and immediately forward the fingerprints, photograph and form to the bureau.
5.Change of domicile, residence, place of employment or college or school being attended. A An offender or registrant shall notify the bureau in writing of a change of residence, domicile, place of employment or college or school being attended within 5 days and shall notify the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction within 24 hours after changing that domicile, residence, place of employment or college or school being attended.
A. If the offender or registrant establishes a new domicile, residence, place of employment or college or school being attended in the State, the bureau shall notify, within 3 days, both the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where the offender or registrant was formerly domiciled or resided or was employed or enrolled and the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where the offender or registrant is currently domiciled, residing, employed or enrolled.
B.If the offender or registrant establishes a domicile, residence, place of employment or college or school being attended in another state, the bureau shall notify, within 3 days, the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where the offender or registrant was formerly domiciled or resided or was employed or enrolled and the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction where the offender or registrant is currently domiciled, residing, employed or enrolled.

Sec. B-16. 34-A MRSA 11223, as amended by PL 2005, c. 423, 19, is further amended to read:

11223. Duty of person establishing domicile or residence to register

A person sentenced at any time for a military, tribal or federal offense requiring registration pursuant to the Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, also known as the Jacob Wetterling Act, Section 170101 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322, as amended; or the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, Public Law 109-248; or in a jurisdiction other than this State who is required under that jurisdiction to register pursuant to that jurisdiction's sex offender registration statute or would have been required to register if the person had remained in the jurisdiction or, if not so required, who has been sentenced on or after January 1, 1982 for an offense that includes the essential elements of a sex offense or a sexually violent offense shall register as a 10-year registrant or lifetime registrant, whichever is applicable, within 5 days and shall notify the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction within 24 hours of establishing domicile or residence in this State. The person shall contact the bureau, which shall provide the person with the registration form and direct the person to take the form and a photograph of the person to the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction. The law enforcement agency shall supervise the completion of the form, take the person's fingerprints and immediately forward the form, photograph and fingerprints to the bureau.

Sec. B-17. 34-A MRSA 11224, sub-1, as enacted by PL 2005, c. 423, 20, is amended to read:

1.Time. A person who has been sentenced at any time for a military, tribal or federal offense requiring registration pursuant to the Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act, also known as the Jacob Wetterling Act, Section 170101 of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994, Public Law 103-322, as amended; or the Adam Walsh Child Protection and Safety Act of 2006, Public Law 109-248; or in a jurisdiction other than this State and who is required under that jurisdiction to register pursuant to that jurisdiction's sex offender registration statute or would have been required to register if the person had remained in that jurisdiction or, if not so required, who has been sentenced on or after January 1, 1982 for an offense that includes the essential elements of a sex offense or a sexually violent offense shall register as a 10-year registrant or lifetime registrant, whichever is applicable, within 5 days and shall notify the law enforcement agency having jurisdiction:
A.Within 24 hours of beginning full-time or part-time employment, with or without compensation, for more than 14 consecutive days or for an aggregate period exceeding 30 days in a calendar year in this State; or
B.Within 24 hours of beginning college or school on a full-time or part-time basis in this State.

Sec. B-18. 34-A MRSA 11225-A, sub-6, as enacted by PL 2005, c. 423, 22, is amended to read:

6.Relief from duty to register. The following provisions apply to an offender's, a 10-year registrant's or a lifetime registrant's duty to register.
A. A An offender's or a 10-year registrant's duty to register for a period of 10 years pursuant to subsection 2 is not required if the circumstances triggering the registration requirements under section 11223, section 11224 or both no longer exist.
B. A An offender's or a lifetime registrant's duty to register for the duration of that person's life pursuant to subsection 4 is not required if the circumstances triggering the registration requirements under section 11223, section 11224 or both no longer exist.
C.If the underlying conviction in this State or in another jurisdiction that triggers the registration requirement is reversed, vacated or set aside, or if the offender or registrant is pardoned for the crime, registration is no longer required.

Sec. B-19. 34-A MRSA 11227, sub-6, as repealed and replaced by PL 2005, c. 423, 23, is amended to read:

6.Affirmative defense. It is an affirmative defense that the failure to comply with a duty imposed under this chapter or a rule adopted pursuant to this chapter resulted from just cause , except that a person to whom section 11222, subsection 2-A, 2-B or 2-C applies may not raise a defense under just cause that the person was not aware of the registration requirement.

Sec. B-20. 34-A MRSA 11227, sub-7 is enacted to read:

7. Permissible inference. Proof that the name and date of birth of the person charged with a violation of this section are the same as those of a person who has been convicted of an offense requiring registration pursuant to this chapter gives rise to a permissible inference under the Maine Rules of Evidence, Rule 303 that the person charged with a violation of this section is the same person as that person convicted of the offense requiring registration.

Sec. B-21. 34-A MRSA 11228, as enacted by PL 2003, c. 371, 12, is amended to read:

11228. Certification by record custodian

Notwithstanding any other law or rule of evidence, a certificate by the custodian of the records of the bureau, when signed and sworn to by that custodian , or the custodian's designee, is admissible in a judicial or administrative proceeding as prima facie evidence of any fact stated in the certificate or in any documents attached to the certificate.

Sec. B-22. Retroactivity. This Part applies retroactively to January 1, 1982.

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State House, Room 108
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