Congressional districts must be reapportioned as follows. [1995, c. 360, §1 (AMD).]
In 2021 and every 10 years thereafter, when the Secretary of State has received notification
of the number of congressional seats to which the State is entitled and the Federal
Decennial Census population count is final, the Legislative Apportionment Commission,
established every 10 years pursuant to the Constitution of Maine, Article IV, Part
Third, Section 1-A, shall review the existing congressional districts. If the districts
do not conform to Supreme Judicial Court guidelines, the commission shall reapportion
the State into congressional districts.
In making such a reapportionment, the commission shall ensure that each congressional
district is formed of compact and contiguous territory and crosses political subdivisions
the least number of times necessary to establish districts as equally populated as
possible. The commission shall submit its plan to the Clerk of the House of Representatives
no later than June 1st of the year in which apportionment is required. The Legislature shall enact the submitted plan
of the commission or a plan of its own in regular or special session by a vote of
2/3 of the members of each house by June 11th of the year in which apportionment is required. This action is subject to the Governor's approval, as provided in the Constitution
of Maine, Article IV, Part Third, Section 2.
2013, c. 85, §1 (AMD)
If the Legislature fails to make an apportionment by June 11th of the year in which apportionment is required, the Supreme Judicial Court shall make the apportionment
within 60 days following the period in which the Legislature is required to act but
fails to do so. In making the apportionment, the Supreme Judicial Court shall take
into consideration plans and briefs filed by the public with the court during the
first 30 days of the period in which the court is required to apportion.
2013, c. 85, §1 (AMD)
The Supreme Judicial Court has original jurisdiction to hear any challenge to an
apportionment law enacted by the Legislature, as registered by any citizen or group
of citizens. If a challenge is sustained, the Supreme Judicial Court shall make the
1993, c. 628, §2 (NEW)
1993, c. 628, §2 (NEW).
1995, c. 360, §1 (AMD).
2013, c. 85, §1 (AMD).
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