Chapter 42: ANIMAL WELFARE HEADING: PL 1987, C. 383, §4 (NEW); 1999, C. 254, §16 (RPR)
Subchapter 3: CRUELTY TO ANIMALS HEADING: PL 1987, C. 383, §4 (NEW)
§1037. Proper shelter; protection from the weather and humanely clean conditions
No person owning or responsible for confining or impounding any animal may fail to
provide the animal with proper shelter, protection from the weather or humanely clean
conditions as prescribed in this section. [1997, c. 456, §17 (AMD).]
Minimum indoor standards of shelter shall be as follows.
A. The ambient temperature shall be compatible with the health of the animal. [1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW).]
B. Indoor housing facilities shall be adequately ventilated by natural or mechanical
means to provide for the health of the animal at all times. [1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW).]
1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW)
Minimum outdoor standards of shelter shall be as follows.
A. When sunlight is likely to cause heat exhaustion of an animal tied or caged outside,
sufficient shade by natural or artificial means shall be provided to protect the animal
from direct sunlight. As used in this paragraph, "caged" does not include farm fencing
used to confine farm animals. [1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW).]
B. Except as provided in subsections 5, 5-A and 7, shelter from inclement weather must be provided according to this paragraph.
(1) An artificial shelter, with a minimum of 3 sides and a waterproof roof, appropriate
to the local climatic conditions for the species and breed of the animal must be provided
as necessary for the health of the animal.
(2) If a dog is tied or confined unattended outdoors under weather conditions that
adversely affect the health of the dog, a shelter must be provided in accordance with
subsection 7, paragraph A to accommodate the dog and protect it from the weather and,
in particular, from severe cold. Inadequate shelter may be indicated by the shivering
of the dog due to cold weather for a continuous period of 10 minutes or by symptoms
of frostbite or hypothermia. A metal barrel is not adequate shelter for a dog. [2011, c. 76, §4 (AMD).]
C. [2007, c. 702, §50 (RP).]
2011, c. 76, §4 (AMD)
Minimum space requirements for both indoor and outdoor enclosures shall include the
A. The housing facilities shall be structurally sound and maintained in good repair
to protect the animal from injury and to contain the animal. [1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW).]
B. Enclosures shall be constructed and maintained to provide sufficient space to allow
each animal adequate freedom of movement. Inadequate space may be indicated by evidence
of overcrowding, debility, stress or abnormal behavior patterns. [1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW).]
1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW)
4.Humanely clean conditions.
Minimum standards of sanitation necessary to provide humanely clean conditions for
both indoor and outdoor enclosures shall include periodic cleanings to remove excretions
and other waste materials, dirt and trash to minimize health hazards.
1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW)
Livestock must be provided with shelter suitable for the health of the animal. Except as provided in subsection 5-A, livestock must have access to a constructed or natural shelter that is large enough to accommodate
all livestock comfortably at one time. The shelter should be well drained and protect
the livestock from direct sun, rain, wind and other inclement weather. Notwithstanding
this subsection, shelter for equines must be provided in accordance with subsection
2, paragraph B, subparagraph (1). For purposes of this subsection, "livestock" includes
large game as defined in Title 7, section 1341, subsection 5 kept at a licensed commercial
large game shooting area as defined in Title 7, section 1341, subsection 1.
2011, c. 76, §5 (AMD)
5-A.Livestock maintained under a rotational grazing system.
Notwithstanding subsection 5, a person is not required to provide shelter for livestock
while the animals are maintained under a rotational grazing system as long as the
animals do not have injuries or infirmities that prevent them from accessing food
and water and are in good body condition. For the purposes of this subsection, "rotational
grazing system" means the practice of dividing up available pasture into multiple
smaller areas during grazing season when pasture is available to meet the dietary
requirements of the animals and subsequently moving the animals from one area to another
after a number of days or weeks as determined by forage production and quality.
2011, c. 76, §6 (NEW)
Failure to provide shelter in accordance with this section is a Class D crime.
1999, c. 254, §25 (NEW)
7.Dogs confined by tethering for long time periods.
In addition to the requirements of subsection 2, paragraph B, subparagraph (2),
when tethering is the primary means of confinement for a dog, the standards for shelter
and tethering are as follows:
A. A shelter must be provided that is fully enclosed except for a portal. The portal
must be of a sufficient size to allow the dog unimpeded passage into and out of the
structure. For dogs other than arctic breeds, the portal must be constructed with a baffle or other means of keeping wind and precipitation out of the interior. The shelter must be constructed of materials with a thermal resistance factor of 0.9 or greater and
must contain clean bedding material sufficient to retain the dog's normal body heat; and [2009, c. 343, §26 (AMD).]
B. The chain or tether must be attached to both the dog and the anchor using swivels
or similar devices that prevent the chain or tether from becoming entangled or twisted.
The chain or tether must be attached to a well-fitted collar or harness on the dog.
For dogs other than dogs kept as sled dogs or dogs used in competition, the chain or tether must be at least 5 times the length of the dog measured from
the tip of its nose to the base of its tail. For dogs kept as sled dogs or dogs used in competition, the chain or tether must be:
(1) At least 2.5 times the length of the dog measured from the tip of its nose to
the base of its tail if the anchor is stationary; or
(2) At least 1.5 times the length of the dog measured from the tip of its nose to
the base of its tail if the anchor is a pivot point allowing a 360` area of movement. [2009, c. 343, §26 (AMD).]
For the purposes of this subsection, "primary means of confinement" means the method
used to confine a dog for periods of time that exceed 12 hours in a 24-hour period.
For the purposes of this subsection, "arctic breeds" means Siberian Huskies, Alaskan
Huskies, Alaskan Malamutes and other dogs with a double-layered coat and bred to live
in an arctic climate and "dogs kept as sled dogs or dogs used in competition" means dogs regularly and
consistently used in training or participation in competitive or recreational sled
dog activities or other competition canine events.
2009, c. 343, §26 (AMD)
1987, c. 383, §4 (NEW).
1997, c. 456, §§17-19 (AMD).
1999, c. 254, §25 (AMD).
1999, c. 765, §12 (AMD).
2005, c. 340, §§3,4 (AMD).
2007, c. 702, §§49, 50 (AMD).
2009, c. 343, §26 (AMD).
2011, c. 76, §§4-6 (AMD).
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