Maine Revised Statutes

§1202. Period of probation; modification and discharge

1.    A person convicted of a Class A crime may be placed on probation for a period not to exceed 4 years; for a Class B crime, for a period of probation not to exceed 3 years; for a Class C crime, for a period of probation not to exceed 2 years; and for Class D and Class E crimes, for a period not to exceed one year.
[ 2003, c. 711, Pt. A, §11 (AMD) .]
1-A.    Notwithstanding subsection 1:
A. If the State pleads and proves that at the time of the crime the victim had not attained 12 years of age or, in the case of a crime under sections 283 and 284, the victim had not attained 12 years of age at the time the sexually explicit conduct occurred, the period of probation for a person convicted under chapter 11 or 12 may not exceed:
(1) Eighteen years for a Class A crime;
(2) Twelve years for a Class B crime; and
(3) Six years for a Class C crime; [2009, c. 608, §8 (AMD).]
A-1. If the State pleads and proves that the person was convicted of committing against a family or household member a crime under chapter 9 or 13 or section 554 or if the person was convicted under chapter 11 or 12 or section 556, the period of probation may not exceed:
(1) Six years for a Class A crime; or
(2) Four years for a Class B or Class C crime.
As used in this paragraph, "family or household member" has the same meaning as in Title 19-A, section 4002, subsection 4; [2007, c. 475, §15 (AMD).]
B. The period of probation for a person sentenced as a repeat sexual assault offender pursuant to section 1252, subsection 4-B is any term of years; and [2003, c. 711, Pt. B, §15 (AMD).]
C. [2005, c. 673, §1 (RP).]
D. The period of probation for a person sentenced for the crime of nonsupport of dependents under section 552 is as provided under section 552, subsection 4. [2007, c. 475, §16 (NEW).]
[ 2009, c. 608, §8 (AMD) .]
1-B.    Notwithstanding subsection 1, if the State pleads and proves that the enumerated Class D or Class E crime was committed by the person against a family or household member, and if the court orders the person to complete a certified batterers' intervention program as defined in Title 19-A, section 4014, the person may be placed on probation for a period not to exceed 2 years, except that, on motion by the probation officer, the person on probation or the court, the term of probation must be terminated by the court when the probationer has served at least one year of probation, has completed the certified batterers' intervention program, has paid in full any victim restitution ordered and, from the time the period of probation commenced until the motion for termination is heard, has met all other conditions of probation.
A. As used in this subsection, the following definitions apply.
(1) "Enumerated Class D or Class E crime" means any Class D crime in chapter 9, any Class D or Class E crime in chapter 11, the Class D crimes described in sections 302 and 506-B and the Class D crimes described in sections 554, 555 and 758.
(2) "Family or household member" has the same meaning as in Title 19-A, section 4002, subsection 4. [2003, c. 657, §8 (NEW).]
B. Termination under this subsection requires a judicial finding that the probationer has served at least one year of probation, has successfully completed a certified batterers' intervention program, has paid in full any victim restitution ordered and, from the time the period of probation commenced until the motion for termination is heard, has met all other conditions of probation. [2009, c. 142, §6 (AMD).]
[ 2013, c. 133, §12 (AMD) .]
2.    During the period of probation specified in the sentence made pursuant to subsection 1, and upon application of a person on probation or the person's probation officer, or upon its own motion, the court may, after a hearing upon notice to the probation officer and the person on probation, modify the requirements imposed by the court or a community reparations board, add further requirements authorized by section 1204 or relieve the person on probation of any requirement imposed by the court or a community reparations board that, in its opinion, imposes on the person an unreasonable burden. If the person on probation cannot meet a requirement imposed by the court or a community reparations board, the person shall bring a motion under this subsection.
Notwithstanding this subsection, the court may grant, ex parte, a motion brought by the probation officer to add further requirements if the requirements are immediately necessary to protect the safety of an individual or the public and if all reasonable efforts have been made to give written or oral notice to the person on probation. Any requirements added pursuant to an ex parte motion do not take effect until written notice of the requirements, along with written notice of the scheduled date, time and place when the court shall hold a hearing on the added requirements, is given to the person on probation.
[ 2005, c. 265, §8 (AMD) .]
2-A.    Once the period of probation has commenced, on motion of the probation officer, or of the person on probation, or on the court's own motion, the court may convert at any time a period of probation for a Class D or Class E crime or a Class C crime under Title 29-A, section 2557-A to a period of administrative release. A conversion to administrative release may not be ordered unless notice of the motion is given to the probation officer and the attorney for the State. The provisions of chapter 54-G apply when probation is converted to administrative release. Conversion to administrative release serves to relieve the person on probation of any obligations imposed by the probation conditions.
[ 2011, c. 420, Pt. C, §3 (AMD) .]
3.    Once the period of probation has commenced, on motion of the probation officer, or of the person on probation, or on its own motion, the court may terminate at any time a period of probation and discharge the convicted person at any time earlier than that provided in the sentence made pursuant to subsection 1, if warranted by the conduct of such person. A termination and discharge may not be ordered unless notice of the motion is given to the probation officer and the attorney for the State. Such termination and discharge serves to relieve the person on probation of any obligations imposed by the sentence of probation.
[ 2005, c. 265, §10 (AMD) .]
3-A.   A motion and hearing pursuant to subsection 2, 2-A or 3 need not be before the justice or judge who originally imposed probation. Any justice or judge may initiate and hear a motion and any justice or judge may hear a motion brought by the probation officer or by the person on probation.
[ 2009, c. 336, §14 (NEW) .]
4.    Any justice, in order to comply with section 1256, subsection 8, may terminate a period of probation that would delay commencement of a consecutive unsuspended term of imprisonment. Any judge may also do so if that judge has jurisdiction over each of the sentences involved.
[ 1989, c. 739, §1 (NEW) .]
SECTION HISTORY
1975, c. 499, §1 (NEW). 1985, c. 821, §5 (AMD). 1989, c. 393, (AMD). 1989, c. 739, §1 (AMD). 1991, c. 258, (AMD). 1997, c. 395, §M1 (AMD). 1997, c. 421, §B1 (AMD). 1999, c. 492, §1 (AMD). 1999, c. 788, §2 (AMD). 2001, c. 386, §3 (AMD). 2003, c. 154, §1 (AMD). 2003, c. 657, §8 (AMD). 2003, c. 711, §§A11-14,B14 -16 (AMD). 2005, c. 265, §§8-10 (AMD). 2005, c. 673, §1 (AMD). 2007, c. 475, §§15, 16 (AMD). 2009, c. 142, §6 (AMD). 2009, c. 336, §14 (AMD). 2009, c. 608, §8 (AMD). 2011, c. 420, Pt. C, §3 (AMD). 2013, c. 133, §12 (AMD).