Chapter 5: DEFENSES AND AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSES; JUSTIFICATION
§108. Physical force in defense of a person
A person is justified in using a reasonable degree of nondeadly force upon another
person in order to defend the person or a 3rd person from what the person reasonably believes to be the imminent use of unlawful, nondeadly force by such other
person, and the person may use a degree of such force that the person reasonably believes to be necessary for such purpose. However, such force is not
A. With a purpose to cause physical harm to another person, the person provoked the use of unlawful, nondeadly force by such other person; or [2007, c. 173, §24 (AMD).]
B. The person was the initial aggressor, unless after such aggression the person withdraws from the encounter and effectively communicates to such other person the intent to do so, but the other person notwithstanding continues the use or threat of unlawful, nondeadly force; or [2007, c. 173, §24 (AMD).]
C. The force involved was the product of a combat by agreement not authorized by law. [1975, c. 499, §1 (NEW).]
2007, c. 173, §24 (AMD)
A person is not justified in using nondeadly force against another person who that
person knows or reasonably should know is a law enforcement officer attempting to
effect an arrest or detention, regardless of whether the arrest or detention is legal.
A person is justified in using the degree of nondeadly force the person reasonably
believes is necessary to defend the person or a 3rd person against a law enforcement
officer who, in effecting an arrest or detention, uses nondeadly force not justified
under section 107, subsection 1.
1997, c. 351, §1 (NEW)
A person is justified in using deadly force upon another person:
A. When the person reasonably believes it necessary and reasonably believes such other
(1) About to use unlawful, deadly force against the person or a 3rd person; or
(2) Committing or about to commit a kidnapping, robbery or a violation of section
253, subsection 1, paragraph A, against the person or a 3rd person; or [1989, c. 878, Pt. B, §15 (AMD).]
B. When the person reasonably believes:
(1) That such other person has entered or is attempting to enter a dwelling place
or has surreptitiously remained within a dwelling place without a license or privilege
to do so; and
(2) That deadly force is necessary to prevent the infliction of bodily injury by
such other person upon the person or a 3rd person present in the dwelling place; [2007, c. 173, §24 (AMD).]
C. However, a person is not justified in using deadly force as provided in paragraph
(1) With the intent to cause physical harm to another, the person provokes such other person to use unlawful deadly force against anyone;
(2) The person knows that the person against whom the unlawful deadly force is directed intentionally
and unlawfully provoked the use of such force; or
(3) The person knows that the person or a 3rd person can, with complete safety:
(a) Retreat from the encounter, except that the person or the 3rd person is not required to retreat if the person or the 3rd person is in the person's dwelling place and was not the initial aggressor;
(b) Surrender property to a person asserting a colorable claim of right thereto; or
(c) Comply with a demand that the person abstain from performing an act that the person is not obliged to perform. [2007, c. 173, §24 (AMD).]
2007, c. 173, §24 (AMD)
1975, c. 499, §1 (NEW).
1975, c. 740, §34 (AMD).
1979, c. 701, §19 (AMD).
1989, c. 878, §B15 (AMD).
1997, c. 351, §1 (AMD).
2007, c. 173, §24 (AMD).
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