An Act To Address Preventable Deaths from Drug Overdose
Emergency preamble. Whereas, acts and resolves of the Legislature do not become effective until 90 days after adjournment unless enacted as emergencies; and
Whereas, this legislation needs to take effect before the expiration of the 90-day period because the number of drug overdoses and ensuing deaths is on the rise, and this legislation is needed as soon as possible in order to save lives; and
Whereas, in the judgment of the Legislature, these facts create an emergency within the meaning of the Constitution of Maine and require the following legislation as immediately necessary for the preservation of the public peace, health and safety; now, therefore,
Sec. 1. 5 MRSA §20005, sub-§20, as amended by PL 2005, c. 674, §1, is further amended to read:
Sec. 2. 5 MRSA §20005, sub-§21, as enacted by PL 2005, c. 674, §2, is amended to read:
Sec. 3. 5 MRSA §20005, sub-§22 is enacted to read:
Sec. 4. 5 MRSA §20010 is enacted to read:
§ 20010. Report on unintentional drug overdose
The department's office of substance abuse and mental health services shall ascertain and document and publish an annual report on the number of and trends, patterns and risk factors related to unintentional drug overdose fatalities occurring within the State each year. The report must also provide information on interventions that would be effective in reducing the rate of fatal and nonfatal unintentional drug overdose.
Sec. 5. 22 MRSA c. 556-A is enacted to read:
§ 2353. Opioid antagonists
(1) Such prescribing or dispensing; or
(2) Any outcomes resulting from the administration of the opioid antagonist.
Emergency clause. In view of the emergency cited in the preamble, this legislation takes effect when approved.
This bill authorizes the prescription, possession and administration of opioid antagonists under certain circumstances and provides criminal and civil immunities for such prescription, possession and administration; provides for Medicaid coverage of naloxone hydrochloride using existing resources; authorizes standing orders and collaborative practice agreements for the dispensing of opioid antagonists; provides for an annual report on unintentional drug overdose; and directs the Department of Health and Human Services to make grants from existing resources for various drug overdose prevention projects.