Maine Revised Statutes

§1052. Definitions

As used in this subchapter, unless the context otherwise indicates, the following terms have the following meanings. [1985, c. 161, §6 (NEW).]

1. Campaign.  "Campaign" means any course of activities to influence the nomination or election of a candidate or to initiate or influence any of the following ballot measures:
A. A people's veto referendum under the Constitution of Maine, Article IV, Part Third, Section 17; [2011, c. 389, §26 (AMD).]
B. A direct initiative of legislation under the Constitution of Maine, Article IV, Part Third, Section 18; [2011, c. 389, §26 (AMD).]
C. An amendment to the Constitution of Maine under Article X, Section 4; [1985, c. 161, §6 (NEW).]
D. A referendum vote on a measure enacted by the Legislature and expressly conditioned upon ratification by a referendum vote under the Constitution of Maine, Article IV, Part Third, Section 19; [2011, c. 389, §26 (AMD).]
E. The ratification of the issue of bonds by the State or any agency thereof; and [1989, c. 504, §§21, 31 (AMD).]
F. Any county or municipal referendum. [1995, c. 483, §17 (AMD).]
[ 2011, c. 389, §26 (AMD) .]
2. Committee.  "Committee" means any political action committee, as defined in this subchapter, and includes any agent of a political action committee.
[ 2007, c. 443, Pt. A, §27 (AMD) .]
3. Contribution.  "Contribution" includes:
A. A gift, subscription, loan, advance or deposit of money or anything of value made to a political action committee, except that a loan of money by a financial institution made in accordance with applicable banking laws and regulations and in the ordinary course of business is not included; [1985, c. 161, §6 (NEW).]
B. A contract, promise or agreement, expressed or implied whether or not legally enforceable, to make a contribution to a political action committee; [1985, c. 161, §6 (NEW).]
C. Any funds received by a political action committee that are to be transferred to any candidate, committee, campaign or organization for the purpose of initiating or influencing a campaign; or [2011, c. 389, §27 (AMD).]
D. The payment, by any person or organization, of compensation for the personal services of other persons provided to a political action committee that is used by the political action committee to initiate or influence a campaign. [2011, c. 389, §28 (AMD).]
[ 2011, c. 389, §§27, 28 (AMD) .]
4. Expenditure.  The term "expenditure:"
A. Includes:
(1) A purchase, payment, distribution, loan, advance, deposit or gift of money or anything of value, made for the purpose of initiating or influencing a campaign;
(2) A contract, promise or agreement, expressed or implied, whether or not legally enforceable, to make any expenditure for the purposes set forth in this paragraph; and
(3) The transfer of funds by a political action committee to another candidate or political committee; and [2011, c. 389, §29 (AMD).]
B. Does not include:
(1) Any news story, commentary or editorial distributed through the facilities of any broadcasting station, cable television system, newspaper, magazine or other periodical publication, unless these facilities are owned or controlled by any political party, political committee, candidate or the spouse or domestic partner of a candidate;
(2) Activity designed to encourage individuals to register to vote or to vote, if that activity or communication does not mention a clearly identified candidate;
(3) Any communication by any membership organization or corporation to its members or stockholders, if that membership organization or corporation is not organized primarily for the purpose of influencing the nomination or election of any person to state or county office;
(4) The use of real or personal property and the cost of invitations, food and beverages, voluntarily provided by a political action committee in rendering voluntary personal services for candidate-related activities, if the cumulative value of these activities by the political action committee on behalf of any candidate does not exceed $250 with respect to any election;
(5) Any unreimbursed travel expenses incurred and paid for by a political action committee that volunteers personal services to a candidate, if the cumulative amount of these expenses does not exceed $100 with respect to any election; and
(6) Any communication by any political action committee member that is not made for the purpose of influencing the nomination or election of any person to state or county office. [2013, c. 334, §18 (AMD).]
[ 2013, c. 334, §18 (AMD) .]
4-A. Influence.  "Influence" means to promote, support, oppose or defeat.
[ 2011, c. 389, §30 (NEW) .]
4-B. Initiate.  "Initiate" includes the collection of signatures and related activities to qualify a state or local initiative or referendum for the ballot.
[ 2011, c. 389, §31 (NEW) .]
5. Political action committee.  The term "political action committee:"
A. Includes:
(1) Any separate or segregated fund established by any corporation, membership organization, cooperative or labor or other organization whose purpose is to initiate or influence a campaign;
(4) Any person, including any corporation or association, other than an individual, that has as its major purpose initiating or influencing a campaign and that receives contributions or makes expenditures aggregating more than $1,500 in a calendar year for that purpose; and
(5) Any person, other than an individual, that does not have as its major purpose influencing candidate elections but that receives contributions or makes expenditures aggregating more than $5,000 in a calendar year for the purpose of influencing the nomination or election of any candidate to political office; and [2015, c. 408, §1 (AMD).]
B. Does not include:
(1) A candidate or a candidate's treasurer under section 1013-A, subsection 1;
(2) A candidate's authorized political committee under section 1013-A, subsection 1, paragraph B;
(3) A party committee under section 1013-A, subsection 3; or
(4) An organization whose only payments of money in the prior 2 years for the purpose of influencing a campaign in this State are contributions to candidates, party committees, political action committees or ballot question committees registered with the commission or a municipality and that has not raised and accepted any contributions during the calendar year for the purpose of influencing a campaign in this State. [2011, c. 389, §32 (AMD).]
[ 2015, c. 408, §1 (AMD) .]
SECTION HISTORY
1985, c. 161, §6 (NEW). 1985, c. 614, §23 (AMD). 1989, c. 504, §§21-23,31 (AMD). 1989, c. 833, §§13,21 (AMD). 1991, c. 839, §27 (AMD). 1991, c. 839, §33 (AFF). 1995, c. 483, §17 (AMD). 1997, c. 683, §A12 (AMD). 1999, c. 729, §6 (AMD). RR 2005, c. 2, §14 (COR). 2005, c. 301, §22 (AMD). 2005, c. 575, §§3-5 (AMD). 2007, c. 443, Pt. A, §§27, 28 (AMD). 2007, c. 477, §2 (AMD). 2009, c. 190, Pt. A, §16 (AMD). 2011, c. 389, §§26-32 (AMD). 2013, c. 334, §18 (AMD). 2015, c. 408, §1 (AMD).